Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advocacy Paper 2018
Despite the imminent exhaustion of the country’s primary energy resources, non-renewable energy resources take a dominant share in the country’s energy mix. However, even along with oil-based and natural gas resources, the energy generated is still insufficient to address the power shortage existing in the country. The interconnected Luzon and Visayas grids, according to experts, are expected to experience more frequent power shortages over the next years especially if the inadequacy of power will not be solved immediately. Meanwhile, gas reserves from the Malampaya gas field--the country’s largest gas field--is anticipated to be expended by 2024.
Renewable energy resources such as wind power, solar power, hydroelectricity, biomass energy, and biofuels scarcely emit heat-trapping gases. Renewable energy resources have been proven to be more stable, more affordable, and safer for public health and the environment. Moreover, these generate more employment opportunities and are sustainable, unlike fossil fuels such as coal, gas, and oil.
The Philippines, along with several countries, has been heavily reliant on coal for many years now. In 2017, 13.06 MTOE of coal has been consumed with an increase of 11.74% from 2016. However, its detrimental effects to public health and the environment along with its anticipated depletion demand for more environment-friendly and sustainable alternatives.